Bradford St Climbing Lanes Hearing

Public Hearing: Monday, January 8, 2018, during the 6 PM Provincetown Board of Selectmen meeting in the Judge Welsh Room in Town Hall, 260 Commercial Street, Provincetown. Download the Public Hearing Notice | Download the Meeting Agenda | Download the Meeting Packet


The Provincetown Board of Selectmen are holding a public hearing on Monday to solicit public feedback on some options for bike improvements to Bradford St. from Central St. to Carver St. This section of the street is scheduled be repaved and re-striped in the spring.

The Bicycle Committee has been advocating for uphill climbing lanes, and this segment of Bradford St. is one of the areas most in need of improvement. Back in 2016, the committee requested climbing lanes at the fall Traffic Hearing, and the selectmen chose to defer any decision until the street was set to be repaved. Since that time, the selectmen have adopted the Outer Cape Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan as the bike master plan for town. I’ve also done some analysis on crashes throughout town, and this segment of road is one of the top 4 in the number of crashes that town reported to the state from 2002-2015.

Crash Hot Spots in Provincetown (MassDOT data)
Crash Hot Spots in Provincetown (MassDOT data)

 

The Hearing

The town’s Department of Public Works will be presenting their recommendations at the hearing and members of the Bicycle Committee will be on hand to provide public comment in favor of a climbing lane up the hill.

The meeting packet contains three alternative concepts put together by the town’s consulting engineers:

Alternative 1

The first scheme is essentially no improvements, just adding sharrow pavement markings on the street. It retains the 3 ft sidewalk on the northern side of the street, two 10-foot travel lanes, and a parking lane (of variable width from 7 to 9 feet).

Alternative 1: Bradford St Provincetown road section
Alternative 1: Bradford St Provincetown road section

The sharrows would be placed in the center of each travel lane, and according to the notes on the plan, “share the road signage shall be provided as appropriate.”

Alternative 1: Sharrows in both directions
Alternative 1: Sharrows in both directions

Alternative 2

The second concept is closer to what the Bicycle Committee recommended at the 2016 Traffic Hearing. It retains the sidewalk, has two 10-foot travel lanes, and includes a 5-foot climbing lane. Oddly, the layout indicates a “2-foot offset” between the sidewalk and the southbound travel lane, which effectively makes the travel lane 12 feet wide. I’d rather see those two feet on adjacent to the bike lane and striped to create a buffered bike lane.

Alternative 2: Bradford St Provincetown road section
Alternative 2: Bradford St Provincetown road section

Sharrows would be painted in the center of the southbound lane and again the engineers are suggesting more “share the road” signage.

Alternative 2: Sharrows downhill, climbing lane uphill
Alternative 2: Sharrows downhill, climbing lane uphill

Alternative 3

The third alternative at first glance seems strange, but the engineer’s notes clarify what they are intending. This layout is for a seasonal bike lane that would revert to on-street motor vehicle parking in the winter. Here a 2-foot buffer is painted as “no parking” hatch marks along the southern side of the street. The engineer’s notes explain:

PLANS ARE INTENDED TO PROVIDE INTERIM BICYCLE IMPROVEMENTS DURING PEAK SUMMER MONTHS. EASTBOUND BRADFORD STREET SHOULDER WILL BE USED AS A BICYCLE LANE. DURING ALL OTHER TIMES, IT WILL BE USED FOR PARKING.

Alternative 3: Bradford St Provincetown road section
Alternative 3: Bradford St Provincetown road section

Again, sharrows get painted in the center of the downhill lane. But there are no bike lane pavement markings. There is more detail on signage:

BICYCLE LANE SIGNAGE AND SHARED ROAD SIGNAGE SHALL BE PROVIDED DURING THE RESPECTIVE SEASON. NO PARKING SIGNS SHALL BE INSTALLED DURING PERIODS WHEN A BICYCLE LANE IS PROVIDED ALONG EASTBOUND BRADFORD STREET.

Alternative 3: Sharrows downhill, seasonal climbing lane uphill marked with signs (parking allowed in winter)
Alternative 3: Sharrows downhill, seasonal climbing lane uphill marked with signs (parking allowed in winter)

Summary

While all three alternatives are pointing in the right direction, the Alternative 3 seasonal bike lane seems like the one that would be easiest to do as a pilot and have less permanent impacts on parking. I have been unable to find any examples of seasonal bike lanes elsewhere, so this creative solution may be  completely nonstandard but does a good job of addressing local concerns.

Putting up more signs goes against the Board of Selectmen’s policy to reduce sign clutter (they favor pavement markings), and there are very few sign posts on this stretch (Google streetview is old but still accurate) and the overhanging trees and shrubs will likely block any new signs.

The one major downside of this entire repaving project is the lack of improvements for people walking. The crosswalks will get re-striped, but there is no plan to provide any ADA compliance for the sidewalk. The curb cuts won’t be improved, and the incredibly narrow, un-level asphalt sidewalks that are interrupted by telephone poles remain as-is.

It will be interesting to see what pubic comment is like at the meeting. Hearings are usually poorly attended, and if they are attended they only seem to bring out people who are against anything new. Hopefully we’ll see some support from the selectmen to at least try something new on this stretch of roadway and make a small step toward improving safety on Bradford Street.


Resources

Bradford Street Climbing Lanes Poll

This spring, the Provincetown Department of Public Works is planning to repave a stretch of Bradford Street from Central Street, past Shank Painter Road, and up the hill to Carver Street.

We’re asking that the roadway configuration be re-evaluated to provide some improvements for people on bikes.

Below is a quick one-question poll on possible configurations. Which would you like to see?

Public Hearing: Monday, January 8, during the 6 PM Provincetown Board of Selectmen meeting in the Judge Welsh Room in Town Hall, 260 Commercial Street, Provincetown. Download the Public Hearing Notice


Resources

Repair Stations Coming Soon

The repair stations are here!

The Bicycle Committee is working with the town’s Department of Public works to nail down the details for their installation.

They will be installed at the West End and Johnson Street parking lots adjacent to the parking pay kiosks.

These are Dero Fixit Stations that the town purchased through the Cape Cod Commission’s Bike Rack Grant Program. We also picked up a pair of Air Kit 3 outdoor air pumps that will be installed alongside the repair stations.

These new public repair stations will be available year-round, unlike the five bike shops that open in the spring and shutter in the fall. They will also provide a platform for teaching people simple bike repair tasks.

Unfortunately, the cold weather and holiday schedules make it look like installation won’t take place until sometime in early 2018.

While you’re waiting for these to come online, take a look at Dero’s map of repair stations – they are all over the world!

Dero Fixit Map

Dero Fixit Map

Traffic Hearing Results

Every fall the Provincetown Board of Selectmen hold their annual traffic hearing where town residents, town boards, selectmen and town staff can submit requests for changes within a town road right-of-way.

This year’s hearing on October 25 had the usual requests for signs and crosswalks as well as a number of bike-related items.

Here’s how the bike requests fared:

The Provincetown 365 request for bike racks was partly approved, with the selectmen agreeing to swap out three parking spaces at the Johnson Street lot for bike racks. They also approved a rack for the Gosnold Street landing near the Julie Heller Gallery and provisionally approved a rack in front of the Police Station on Shank Painter Rd. pending the police chief’s review. The approved bike racks will provide year-round parking for over 40 bicycles.

The Bicycle Committee request to add a fine to the parking regulations for “Obstructing a marked bicycle lane” was approved, with the fine set at $100. There was surprisingly little discussion about this.

The Bicycle Committee request for clarifying signage for the 2-way bike travel on Commercial Street got mired in discussions of prior efforts to put sharrows on the street and in the end the entire proposal was voted down. This was despite staff support for adding “except bicycles” to the “Do not enter” signs and two “no turn” signs along the street. The general attitude seems to be that any sign is unwelcome despite the vast sign clutter that already exists. I was specifically asked if there were signs that could be removed, and indeed I do have a list of outdated, confusing, or plainly unnecessary signs that I will bring back to a future selectmen meeting.

The Bicycle Committee request for climbing lanes on the section of Bradford Street from Franklin Street to Prince Street was tabled. Department of Public Works director Richard Waldo said earlier in the meeting that this section of road will be repaved and the sidewalk repaired in 2017, so there will be an opportunity to consider a new layout as that project moves forward. I asked specifically for guidance from the selectmen on removing parking to make the street safer and was asked to locate alternate parking spaces for those vehicles. The Committee attempted a similar project back in 2012 and had support from over 300 people on a petition, but it never went anywhere.

Finally, a citizen request to restripe the section of Bradford Street Extension where it meets Province Lands Road was supported by the selectmen. There are signs at this location that say “Private Parking” even though the cars are parking in the town right-of-way. The selectmen voted to remove the parking and define the wide bike and pedestrian shoulder with paint.

bradford-st-ext-%22private-parking%22
These cars are parking in the public way on Bradford Street Extension, but the signs say “Private Parking”. Google Maps Streetview, 2011

The next annual traffic hearing will take place in the fall of 2017.

Links:

Provincetown embraces bicycle culture, Provincetown Banner, October 31, 2016.
2016 Annual Traffic Hearing Results, Town of Provincetown web site.

Bike lane & sharrows approved for Shank Painter Road

At the spring Traffic Hearing on Wednesday, the Board of Selectmen approved the proposal by Provincetown 365 to stripe a bike lane and paint sharrows on Shank Painter Road. This will be the first marked bike lane to be installed by the town.

Proposed bike markings on Shank Painter Road
Proposed bike markings on Shank Painter Road

Town staff recommended the proposal with some changes to the size and placement of the sharrows, citing the narrow road width and speed of traffic on the road as factors. Both the town Bicycle Committee and the Cape Cod Commission were in favor of the proposal.

A bike lane will be painted southbound from Route 6 to Province Road, sharrows will continue southbound to the second Stop & Shop entrance, and then the bike lane will continue to Bradford St. Sharrows will be painted along the entire road northbound from Bradford St. since the existing pavement, while wide in some places, is broken and unsafe for riding.

No budget was identified to pay for this improvement, so that puts into question when it will actually be executed. The selectmen didn’t specify a timeline for the project, either, but in the past the changes approved at the spring traffic hearings tend to get implemented before the summer tourist season begins.

You can watch the entire traffic hearing (including the Cape Cod Commission’s presentation of its Parking & Circulation Study) here on Provincetown Community Television:

The selectmen also approved sharrows in both directions on Conwell St. from Bradford St. to Cemetery Rd. where the planned bike lanes will continue to Route 6. They also directed the DPW staff to request permission from MassDOT to paint sharrows on the section of the road that is controlled by the state.

You can read about all of the other traffic hearing requests in the summary of the hearing’s results on the town web site.

Resources
Traffic Hearing Results, Town of Provincetown
Traffic Hearing Agenda and Meeting Packet, Town of Provincetown
Shank Painter Road Bike Markings flyer, Provincetown 365

The Traffic Study (draft) Report

A draft of the parking and circulation study prepared for the town by the Cape Cod Commission has been making the rounds, and it includes a number of recommendations for improving bicycling.

The report is long at 80 pages and goes into detail on a number of questions that have been asked about traffic flow in town. It also addresses the need for more analysis of parking demand and developing a complete parking management plan.

Bike Recommendations

The short-term suggestions for improving biking are primarily paint:

  • Paint sharrows on Shank Painter Rd. from Bradford St. to Route 6
  • Paint sharrows on Bradford St. from Commercial St. to West Vine St.
  • Continue installing bike racks as recommended by the town Bicycle Committee

Medium term suggestions:

  • Survey Conwell St. from Bradford St. to Harry Kemp Way to see if it’s possible to squeeze in a sidewalk or bike lane
  • Construct the Conwell St. Bicycle Improvement Project as designed

Long term suggestions:

Don’t Do This

There are lots of ideas that have been kicked around for a number of years, and the Commission evaluated a number of them to provide recommendations.

What it says town shouldn’t do:

  • Don’t make Conwell St. one way
  • Don’t reverse High Point Hill Rd.
  • Don’t reconstruct the intersection of Route 6 and Howland St. to allow left turns onto Route 6
  • Don’t connect Alden St. to Route 6.
  • Don’t paint bike lanes on Commercial St.

New Ideas

intersection - Bradford & Standish Streets - Provincetown parking and circulation study
This engineering plan makes its first public appearance in the draft traffic study report.

A couple of things were surprises:

  • An engineering design to reconfigure the intersection of Bradford St. and Standish St. makes its first public appearance
  • A suggestion to a sidewalk along Route 6 from Dunes Edge Campground to Race Point Rd. to provide better pedestrian access to town from the north side of Route 6.

Missing Details

Some detail was missing that I expected to see:

  • No data on bicycle counts (not even the counts that the Bicycle Committee completed in 2015 or the Commission’s own counts)
  • No suggestions for regularly counting traffic to keep an eye on how it changes over time
  • No data on pedestrian counts
  • Nothing about developing a comprehensive sidewalk plan despite recommendations for a pedestrian wayfinding system
  • No mention of extending the sidewalk on Harry Kemp Way or improving the sidewalk on Howland St.
  • No analysis of the free on-street parking in the East End, on Bradford St., and elsewhere, though this is recommended as part of a parking management plan.

Survey Results

The report included the results from an online survey that about 125 people completed.
The projects that received the most “strongly supported” votes were:

  1. Improve Shank Painter Road for vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians
  2. Shuttles to/from remote parking areas
  3. Parking maps and apps.

Overall, the study focused on circulation to/from the entrance to town from Route 6 to the MacMillan Pier parking lot and overall utilization of the town parking lots.

What’s Next?

bike map - provincetown parking and circulation study
What does this map say about town’s commitment to people on bikes?

Much of the results reinforce what residents already know from experience — there’s too much traffic on Conwell St. in the summer and the downtown parking lots fill up quickly, causing visitors to drive around looking for parking spaces. That results in lots of cars milling around, causing congestion.

The short-term, bike-specific recommendations are simple, inexpensive things that can be done quickly without any changes to the roadway layouts. My hope is that the study report will kick-start town into prioritizing some of these transportation projects rather than waiting for the results of yet another study.

It’s not clear how town will move forward once the study is presented (which I expect to happen at the Traffic Hearing on March 15 but don’t have that confirmed yet). Does the Board of Selectmen need to vote to adopt the study’s recommendations? How will potential projects be prioritized? Will there be a follow-up public process to get more input from residents? It will be interesting to see how the study is received and whether town takes this as an opportunity to act or sticks the study on the shelf to gather dust.

 

Resources
Provincetown Parking & Circulation Study, Cape Cod Commission
2012 Shank Painter Rd. Corridor Study, Cape Cod Commission
2015 DART Report, American Institute of Architects Design & Resiliency Team

Sharrows & Safety & Shank Painter Road

Herring Cove sharrow
A local example of sharrows at Herring Cove in the Cape Cod National Seashore

There’s a blog post at Streetsblog that’s making the rounds that says sharrows don’t do anything for safety:  “Study: Sharrows don’t make streets safer for cycling.”

I’ve been working with Provincetown 365 to advocate for bike pavement markings on a couple of streets in town where we have a lot of bicycles and no sidewalks or bike lanes, so I dug a bit deeper to see if the study was applicable to our streets here.

What this study says

The study’s title is “The Relative (In)effectiveness of Bicycle Sharrows on Ridership and Safety Outcomes.” I was curious about the conditions that the study’s authors looked at and wanted to find out the road configurations (lane widths, number of lanes) and the speed limits on those streets. The blog post didn’t mention those details and didn’t link to the actual study, so I reached out to Nick Ferenchak — one of the study authors — to find out more about the study’s details.

I asked specifically about his perspective on putting sharrows on low-speed (25 MPH) two-lane roads with narrow travel lanes (11 ft), which are the conditions on Shank Painter Road, and he said:
“If shared lane markings are used on bicyclist-friendly roads (it sounds like your narrow and slow roads may be bike-friendly) or as way-finding, they may very well be beneficial.”

In looking at the Chicago data used in the study, it was interesting to see that the rate of bike commuting here in Provincetown is 4x that of Chicago (we are at 8% and Chicago is at 1.6%).

I tracked down the study online for more details. In short, the study looked at wide, multi-lane urban roads with 35 MPH speed limits. And it compared sharrows to on-street bike lanes. Their analysis was based on census commuter data, not actual observed trip counts, and didn’t account for destinations or bicycle-friendly locations with bike parking.

The authors recognized the limits of their work and gave a caution about misinterpreting its conclusions. Here’s the section on page 15:
“While the conclusions of this work may be misconstrued by some as primarily a call to reduce the number of sharrows, the true goal of this research is to instead ensure that resources are focused on providing more bike infrastructure that has been proven to be effective at meeting its goals. This will most likely translate into more bike lanes in many scenarios.”

The study didn’t say sharrows were unsafe. It said that they weren’t safer than bike lanes. That’s like saying walking in the street isn’t safer than walking on a sidewalk. Seems like common sense.

Tactical improvements

The sharrows and bike lanes proposed by Provincetown 365 are a tactical, interim solution until the road can be reconstructed with sidewalks and permanent separated bike lanes. (The town’s FY2017 Capital Improvement Plan has funds earmarked for this in 2021.) The Cape Cod Commission’s 2012 Shank Painter Road Corridor Study and the 2015 DART Report both recommend adding bike lanes and sidewalks, but those improvements are years – and millions of dollars – away.

Proposed bike markings on Shank Painter Road
Proposed bike markings on Shank Painter Road

It’s important to note that the current proposal isn’t just sharrows. It’s a combination of marked bike lanes, sharrows, and “bikes may use full lane” signs. It’s a baby step toward a goal of making town more bicycle-friendly through simple, inexpensive improvements that take our local context and experience into consideration.

Adding sharrows makes no change to the road’s current layout. All that sharrows do is help educate everyone to expect bicycles. The proposed bike lanes fit in the existing layout where the road’s fog lines were repainted a number of years ago. So adding bike lane markings helps reinforces the existing use.

I’ve discussed the idea of sharrows on our local roads with Lou Rabito (MassDOT’s Complete Streets Engineer), Glenn Cannon (Technical Services Director at the Cape Cod Commission), Barbara Jacobsen (Program Manager at MassBike), and Josh Zisson (a lawyer who specializes in bicycle law).

may use full lane sharrowThese experts all concur that sharrows are appropriate on our local roads where posted speed limits are 25 MPH or less. And from a technical standpoint, all current guidance from AASHTO, NACTO, and MassDOT indicates that sharrows should be placed in the center of the lane where lane widths are 12 ft or narrower.

Demand overrides conditions

I’ve been surprised at how people characterize some of our roads as “fast” or “highways” or “unsafe”. Shank Painter Road, where we proposed this combination of bike lanes, sharrows, and “bikes may use full lane” signs, is used by lots of people on bikes and on foot despite its current configuration. It’s not a comfortable street if you’re not in a car, but people use it anyway.

Shank Painter Road existing conditions from the 2015 DRT Report
Shank Painter Road existing conditions from the 2015 DART Report

There are numerous destinations here with lots of bike parking — Stop & Shop alone has six bike racks for customers. The dog park has bike parking, as does the bank, church, the two housing developments, the gym, and most of the restaurants. (Oddly, the police station, fire station, and municipal pay parking lots are devoid of any public bike parking.) According to the property manager at Province Landing, the largest housing development on the street, residents own many more bikes than cars.

Some of Stop & Shop's bike parking
Some of Stop & Shop’s bike parking

The speed limit here is 25 MPH and that’s the fastest speed limit on any town road (with the exception of the state-controlled four-lane highway and the short segments of roadway the state controls and posts at 30 MPH). And in terms of safety, since 2012 there has only been one reported crash involving a bicycle and one involving a pedestrian on Shank Painter Road. The large majority of bike crashes in town take place on the bike paths in the Seashore, not on our local roads.

Sharrows are a good start

It seems that sharrows are an effective tool when used to remind everyone to expect bicycles on our streets. Most of our year-round residents took their drivers license exam decades ago before these treatments became common, so they seem foreign (they’re in the current Massachusetts Driver’s Manual). But to our hundreds of thousands of visitors from out of town, sharrows and bike lanes are part of the streetscapes they experience every day.

If town wants to increase biking and walking (which the Local Comprehensive Plan and town-wide policy goals do indicate) and educate everyone that biking is welcome here (which is an objective of the town’s Bicycle Committee), pavement markings are a cheap and easy way to get started while continuing to plan for more substantial and permanent road improvements.

Resources:
Study: Sharrows don’t make streets safer for cycling, Streetsblog, January 2016
The Relative (In)effectiveness of Bicycle Sharrows on Ridership and Safety Outcomes, (paywall, $20 to purchase the study)
Provincetown 365 web site
Provincetown 365 Shank Painter Road Bike Markings Proposal Slides, Facebook photos
Provincetown 365 Shank Painter Road Bike Markings Proposal Video, Facebook video
FY2017 Capital Improvement Plan, Town of Provincetown
2012 Shank Painter Road Corridor Study, Cape Cod Commission
2015 DART Report, Town of Provincetown
MassBike web site
Bike Safe Boston, blog of attorney Josh Zisson
AASHTO bicycle design guidelines
NACTO bicycle design guidelines
MassDOT Separated Bike Lane Planning & Design Guide
Provincetown Bike Rack Map
Provincetown crash reports, getcrashreports.com
Province Lands Bicycle Accidents, page 24 of Outer Cape Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan’s Phase One: Data Collection Transportation Data, Cape Cod Commission
Massachusetts Driver’s Manual, Chapter 4: Rules of the Road, page 11
Provincetown 2000 Local Comprehensive Plan, Town of Provincetown
Provincetown Board of Selectmen’s Town-Wide Policy Goals for FY2016, page 6, Town of Provincetown
Provincetown Bicycle Committee, Town of Provincetown

MassDOT gets Copenhagenized*

MassDOT Separated Bike Lane Guide
MassDOT Separated Bike Lane Guide (web site)

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) recently released a forward-looking design guide for bike infrastructure. It’s really a big deal, since MassDOT is in charge of lots of roads and intersections all over the state that have pretty meagre bike provisions.

Here in Provincetown, the biggest opportunity to apply the new guidelines are at the three crossings of Route 6, a 50-mph highway with one signalized crossing and two completely cross-your-fingers and run intersections. When Route 6 was cut through town in the 1950s, is was laid out as a 4-lane highway with a wide median. And little has changed since then. Even the single traffic light has no bicycle detector loop, so it’s easy to get stranded in the intersection at a red light (Note: Our intrepid deputy director of public works managed to include a bicycle detector in the upcoming Conwell St. Bicycle Improvements Project).

Continue reading MassDOT gets Copenhagenized*

Outer Cape isn’t waiting for the Master Plan

At last week’s Outer Cape Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan workshop, it was clear that the master plan process isn’t delaying near-term bicycle improvements. Martha Hevenor, planner for the Cape Cod Commission, said that the master plan is expected to be completed in the winter of 2016-2017.

Motion-activated bike crossing beaconsCape Cod National Seashore
Lauren McKean, a planner at the Seashore, provided an update on the plans for installing motion-activated bicycle crossing beacons at five locations in the Seashore, three of which are in Provincetown. She also announced that the Seashore is in the process of obtaining funding to rehabilitate the Head of the Meadow bike trail in Truro and that the project may also include a 0.6-mile extension of the trail. Funding will be in place next year so construction could possibly commence in 2017.

Continue reading Outer Cape isn’t waiting for the Master Plan

Outer Cape Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan Rolls On

OCBPMP3-01
Workshop #3 slides (PDF)

There were a number of great updates at the Outer Cape Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan workshop in Provincetown on November 12.

Route 6 Multi-Use Path Option
Martha Hevenor of the Cape Cod Commission revealed that MassDOT is willing to look at putting a separated multi-use path alongside Route 6. This is a big shift, and hopefully shows a change in direction now that MassDOT’s separated bicycle facility guidelines have been released.

Continue reading Outer Cape Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan Rolls On